Last-Week is a News Periodical to highlight a few of the stories that come across the monitor of the CYM studio.
For the third week in a row, the name of these posts have changed. Lets see how long this one lasts.
For the week of : 12/17/2016 – 12/24/2016
–The British Library Puts 1,000,000 Images into the Public Domain, Making Them Free to Reuse & Remix
Earlier this week, Oxford’s Bodleian Library announced that it had digitized a 550 year old copy of the Gutenberg Bible along with a number of other ancient bibles, some of them quite beautiful. Not to be outdone, the British Library came out with its own announcement on Thursday:
We have released over a million images onto Flickr Commons for anyone to use, remix and repurpose. These images were taken from the pages of 17th, 18th and 19th century books digitised by Microsoft who then generously gifted the scanned images to us, allowing us to release them back into the Public Domain. The images themselves cover a startling mix of subjects: There are maps, geological diagrams, beautiful illustrations, comical satire, illuminated and decorative letters, colourful illustrations, landscapes, wall-paintings and so much more that even we are not aware of.
The librarians behind the project freely admit that they don’t exactly have a great handle on the images in the collection. They know what books the images come from. (For example, the image above comes from Historia de las Indias de Nueva-España y islas de Tierra Firme, 1867.) But they don’t know much about the particulars of each visual. And so they’re turning to crowdsourcing for answers. In fairly short order, the Library plans to release tools that will let willing participants gather information and deepen our understanding of everything in the Flickr Commons collection.
The Defense Department is continuing to break down digital barriers, this time unveiling an open data project. Data.mil — a cooperative project with Data.world, a data resource organization — and the Defense Digital Services within the Pentagon seek to make military data available and searchable.
The first data sets made publicly available on Data.mil include a Theater History of Operations involving data sets of aerial bombings from World War I through the Vietnam War. The DoD has had an open data effort for a while, but it didn’t garner much attention, Mary Lazzeri of the Defense Digital Service and Data.mil co-creator told C4ISRNET in a recent interview. Lazzeri said they wanted to make a website that could feature data in a way that was compelling for members of the public, as well as to make the case to the rest of the agency that open data merits investment.
A black man has single-handedly caused more than 200 white racists to leave the Ku Klux Klan simply by confronting their prejudice with friendship. Inspirational Daryl Davis, 58, a blues musician and author, has travelled all over the US since the early 1980s actively seeking out and befriending members of the openly racist organisation.
Boehm’s most startling point is that Zionism has anti-Semitic strains, witness its collaboration with Nazis. Hannah Arendt is happy today.The piece will greatly increase the pressure on liberal Zionists to choose one idea or the other, and to stop denying the existence of apartheid.
The issue of Jewish settlements is one of the most contentious between Israel and the Palestinians, who see them as an obstacle to peace.
On Thursday, Mr Trump had urged the Security Council to defeat the motion. “Peace between the Israelis and the Palestinians will only come through direct negotiations between the parties, and not through the imposition of terms by the United Nations,” he said in a statement. “This puts Israel in a very poor negotiating position and is extremely unfair to all Israelis.”
Of course most of those on the left don’t really understand the storm that is approaching. All they know is that Trump is “really bad” and therefore they need to try to get through the next four years the best that they can. Here is more from the BBC…
“We are not looking for end of the world Mad Max-type scenarios, we are not looking at a zombie apocalypse,” says the author of a left wing survivalist blog, who also reports a surge in interest since Trump’s victory.
He says it is “fairly easy to predict” an economic collapse under Trump but adds: “No matter what, the country is still going to be here in four years, there’s going to be another election.”
Nowhere is this more apparent than in the increasing rancor we’re seeing between competing sides in the Great Populist Uprising of 2016. Britain began Brexit. The Philippines (s)elected Dirty Harry. Italy purged Renzi. And the US? “Descent into chaos” seems like an apt description.
If there is no migrant crisis there must be another explanation for poverty, economic underperformance, global instability, terrorism and Western actions in other countries – and that is what migrants are being used, convenient scapegoats, most conveniently, to prevent us from hearing the truth.
Its disclosure would come as Congress is expected to begin debate in the coming months over whether to reauthorize or reform the so-called surveillance authority, known as Section 702, a provision that was added to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act in 2008.
“The timely production of this information is incredibly important to informed debate on Section 702 in the next Congress— and, without it, even those of us inclined to support reauthorization would have reason for concern,” said the letter signed by 11 lawmakers, all members of the House Judiciary Committee.
Section 702 will expire on Dec. 31, 2017, absent congressional action. It enables two internet surveillance programs called Prism and Upstream that were revealed in a series of leaks by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden more than three years ago.
Prism gathers messaging data from Alphabet Inc’s Google, Facebook , Microsoft, Apple and other major tech companies that is sent to and from a foreign target under surveillance. Upstream allows the NSA to copy web traffic flowing along the internet backbone located inside the United States and search that data for certain terms associated with a target.
This is part of a Motherboard mini-series on the proliferation of phone cracking technology, the people behind it, and who is buying it. Follow along here.
State police forces and highway patrols in the US have collectively spent millions of dollars on this sort of technology to break into and extract data from mobile phones, according to documents obtained by Motherboard. Over 2,000 pages of invoices, purchase orders, communications, and other documents lay out in unprecedented detail how one company in particular has cornered the trade in mobile phone forensics equipment across the United States.
Cellebrite, an Israel-based firm, sells tools that can pull data from most mobile phones on the market, such as contact lists, emails, and wiped messages. Cellebrite’s products can also circumvent the passcode locks or other security protections on many current mobile phones. The gear is typically used to gather evidence from a criminal suspect’s device after it has been seized, and although not many public examples of abuse are available, Cellebrite’s tools have been used by non-US authorities to prosecute dissidents.
“Logical is what-you-see-is-what-you-get,” Rene Novoa, senior manager at forensics company DriveSavers Data Recovery, told Motherboard in a phone call, referring to whatever data is immediately available on the phone. This likely includes messages, photos, or the information in databases generated by apps. Physical extraction, meanwhile, allows the retrieval of hidden or deleted material.
“They were always the flashy kid in class,” Jonathan Zdziarski, a forensic scientist, told Motherboard in a phone call.
“They made it portable. They made this thing where they can put it in the back of police cars,” Jon Rajewski, director and principal investigator at the Senator Patrick Leahy Center for Digital Investigation, who has worked with law enforcement, told Motherboard in a phone call. “They made it point-and-click.”
As a result of a BGA investigation and legal action, The City of Chicago and Mayor Rahm Emanuel have agreed to release all of Emanuel’s private emails related to city business—subject to any applicable legal exemptions—and institute a new policy that will ban city employees and officials from using their private email accounts to conduct city business.
The city’s change in practices comes in response to Freedom of Information Act requests and lawsuits filed by the BGA, and separately by the Chicago Tribune, and follows more than a year of hard-fought litigation and rulings by two Cook County judges that public officials’ emails are not outside the scope of FOIA simply because they are on a private account.
“It’s unfortunate that it took a lawsuit to produce the transparency we all deserve,” said BGA President and CEO Andy Shaw. “But that said, this is a major step forward in the fight for transparency at City Hall.”
The BGA will report on the content of the mayor’s emails after receiving and reviewing them.
Congressional estimates put the cost of Operations Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn in Iraq at more than $800 billion from 2003 to 2011. Operations in Afghanistan have had a price tag of more than $700 billion since 2001.
But outside analysts have pegged the true costs of military action in the Middle East and Afghanistan at more than $5 trillion, once State Department, Homeland Security and Veterans Affairs costs are factored in.
In a video shared by the group, a militant is seen firing a TOW missile in a clash. The TOW (“Tube-launched, Optically tracked, wire guided”) was first produced in 1970. It is one of the most widely used anti-tank guided missiles. Originally designed by Hughes Aircraft in the 1960s, the weapon is currently produced by American firm Raytheon.
According to a report published by Amnesty International last year, Daesh advances made across northern Iraq, particularly the capture of Mosul, gave the group access to a huge stockpile of arms that also included modern U.S.-made weaponry.
Because laws always stop crime, right?
Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard introduced the Stop Arming Terrorists Act yesterday.
The legislation would prohibit the U.S. government from using American taxpayer dollars to provide funding, weapons, training, and intelligence support to groups like the Levant Front, Fursan al Ha and other allies of Jabhat Fateh al-Sham, al-Qaeda and ISIS, or to countries that are providing direct or indirect support to those same groups.
Rep. Tulsi Gabbard said, “Under U.S. law it is illegal for any American to provide money or assistance to al-Qaeda, ISIS or other terrorist groups. If you or I gave money, weapons or support to al-Qaeda or ISIS, we would be thrown in jail. Yet the U.S. government has been violating this law for years, quietly supporting allies and partners of al-Qaeda, ISIL, Jabhat Fateh al Sham and other terrorist groups with money, weapons, and intelligence support, in their fight to overthrow the Syrian government.”
“The CIA has also been funneling weapons and money through Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Qatar and others who provide direct and indirect support to groups like ISIS and al-Qaeda. This support has allowed al-Qaeda and their fellow terrorist organizations to establish strongholds throughout Syria, including in Aleppo,” Gabbard says.
Yemen’s 21-month war has devastated the country and sparked a humanitarian catastrophe. The UN recorded 4,014 killed and thousands more injured by Saudi-led coalition air strikes between March 2015 and September 2016, carried out with the backing of the US and UK.
“In total, Human Rights Watch has documented the use of US weapons in 23 apparently unlawful coalition airstrikes,” says Priyanka Motaparthy, a senior emergencies researcher for Human Rights Watch. “That’s quite a significant number.” Motaparthy also slams the British government for ignoring “overwhelming evidence” that there is a high likelihood that UK-made weapons “could be used in unlawful strikes.”
So, what does this “overwhelming evidence” look like?
- On May 2015—two months after the Saudi Arabia coalition begun its campaign—a coalition spokesman announced that the entire city of Saada would be considered a military target and told all civilians to leave the province. Human Rights Watch condemned the announcement, arguing it “violated the laws-of-war prohibition against placing civilians at particular risk by treating a number of separate and distinct military objectives as a single military target.”
- In September 2015, a British-made cruise missile was used by the coalition in an attack on a Yemeni ceramics factory, which killed at least one civilian, according to Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.
- Between August and October 2015, Amnesty International found evidence of five unlawful airstrikes on schools, which killed five civilians and injured at least 14. Amnesty International called on the international community to further investigate these airstrikes
- In October 2015, the Saudi Arabia-led-Coalition dropped bombs on a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital, despite having been given the hospital’s coordinates (by August 2016, the coalition would go on to attack no less than four MSF hospitals).
- In November 2015, The International Committee of the Red Cross condemned the attacks on health care facilities, specifically Al-Thawra hospital, one of the main health care facilities in Taiz.
- According to the UN, nearly three quarters (73%) of child deaths and injuries during the second quarter of 2015 were caused by air strikes by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition.
- In May 2016, Amnesty International found evidence that US and UK cluster munitions, which release many indiscriminate small bomblets over a wide area, were being used by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition force. The UK is a signatory of the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which prohibits the use, stockpiling, and transfer of cluster bombs. The UK and Saudi Arabia-led coalition first deny the use of cluster munitions, but would later go on to admit cluster munitions were used.
- In August 2016, MSF withdrew its teams from six hospitals in north Yemen following the aerial bombing of Abs Hospital.
- In July 2016, a report by Human Rights Watch details 17 apparently unlawful airstrikes on 13 civilian economic sites, including factories, commercial warehouses, a farm, and two power facilities. These strikes killed 130 civilians and injured 171 more.
- In August 2016, the Saudi-led coalition bombed a potato factory in the capital’s Nahda district, killing 14 people working there, mostly women.
- In September 2016, the Yemen Data Project showed that a third of all Saudi Arabia-led air raids in Yemen hit civilian sites, such as school buildings, hospitals, and mosques.
- In October 2016, the Saudi Arabia-led coalition admitted to bombing a funeral, killing at least 140 people and wounding about 600. The coalition blamed it on “wrong information.”
Over the course of the war, the UK and US have rebuked Saudi Arabia, but last week the US went one step further and announced it was limiting arms sales to Saudi Arabia amid concerns over Yemen, with a White House spokesman warning Saudi Arabia that US security co-operation was “not a blank check.” (Saudi Arabia would later try to downplay this report).
“The US government is the largest arms exporter in the world, so if even it has reservations then you know it’s time to act,” says Andrew Smith, a spokesperson for Campaign Against Arms Trade. “Like the US, the UK has licensed billions of pounds worth of arms to Saudi forces. Like their US counterparts, UK arms companies have fueled and profited from the destruction taking place.”
“We just got too small too fast and we’ve got to grow,” Gen. David Goldfein, the Air Force chief of staff, told USA TODAY in an interview Wednesday. “We’re at a risk level I’m not comfortable with.”President-elect Trump, who promised to rebuild the military, will likely face an array of requests from the services, which have lobbied for more troops and weapons in years past but have had to preside over smaller forces more recently because of budget pressures despite a resurgence of new threats, particularly in the Middle East.
The follow-on contract requires the company to design the system to guide non-otolaryngology expert personnel through clinically validated vestibular function assessments that are carried out in a reality environment to support in-theatre screening.
Charles River was recently contracted to support the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) in the scientific advances to continuous insider threat detection (SCITE) programme.
The SCITE programme is aimed at developing and testing methods for detecting insider threats, which are security risks originating from individuals within an organisation, according to the company.
“Ultimately we envision these limbs providing even greater dexterity and highly refined sensory experiences by connecting them directly to users’ peripheral and central nervous systems,” Sanchez said.
As part of the production transition process, DARPA is collaborating with Walter Reed to make the bionic arms available to service members and veterans who are rehabilitating after suffering upper-limb loss, DARPA says.
LUKE stands for “life under kinetic evolution” but is also a passing reference to the limb that Luke Skywalker wore in Star Wars: Episode V, The Empire Strikes Back.
With his newly announced A Mechanically Based Antenna (AMEBA) effort, program manager Troy Olsson of DARPA’s Microsystems Technology Office is betting on a little-exploited aspect of electromagnetic physics that could expand wireless communication and data transfer into undersea, underground, and other settings where such capabilities essentially have been absent. The basis for these potential new abilities are ultra-low-frequency (ULF) electromagnetic waves, ones between hundreds of hertz and 3 kilohertz (KHz), which can penetrate some distance into media like water, soil, rock, metal, and building materials. A nearby band of very-low-frequency (VLF) signals (3 KHz to 30 KHz) opens additional communications possibilities because for these wavelengths the atmospheric corridor between the Earth’s surface and the ionosphere—the highest and electric-charge-rich portion of the upper atmosphere—behaves like a radio waveguide in which the signals can propagate halfway around the planet.
In principle, this is as simple as taking a bar magnet or an electret—an insulating substance, such as a cylinder of quartz (silica) glass, in which positive and negative electric charges are permanently segregated to create an electric dipole— and moving it at rates that will generate ULF and VLF frequencies. To open up practical new capabilities in national security contexts, however, the challenges include packing more powerful magnetic and electric fields into smaller volumes with smaller power requirements than has ever been achieved before for a ULF or VLF transmitter. That will require innovations in chemistry and materials (new magnets and electrets), design (shapes and packing geometries of these materials), and mechanical engineering (means of mechanically moving the magnets and electrets to generate the RF signals).
DARPA has scheduled a Proposers Day on January 6, 2017, at the Booz Allen Hamilton Conference Center in McLean, VA, to fully lay out the vision, technology goals, and R&D challenges of the AMEBA program and to answer questions from potential proposers.
The NRL team designed and built a custom fuel cell system capable of up to 5,000 watts, using formed metal-foil bipolar plates, which saved space and weight. Ion Tiger flew with the new cell in September.
The next White House press secretary will be a Navy commander ( Sean Spicer ) with 17 years experience in the reserves, President-elect Donald Trump announced Thursday.
The 45-year-old Rhode Island native previously worked as a spokesman for the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative during George W. Bush’s presidency and in various Republican posts prior to that. His new role will be the most prominent of his career, handling the sometimes contentious White House press room on behalf of an unconventional politician.
His military career as a public affairs officer includes a master’s degree in national security and strategic studies from the Naval War College, and he is currently assigned to the Joint Staff’s naval reserve contingent in Washington, D.C.
It’s unclear how that role may change based on his new, high-profile assignment.
In the past, Spicer has worked as a media planner in joint exercises in Guam, Germany and Sweden, along with overseeing media coverage of Navy operations in at McMurdo Station in Antarctica.
Trump’s incoming administration has taken on a distinctly military character in recent weeks, with a number of high-level assignments going to veterans.
National Security Adviser Michael Flynn is a retired Army lieutenant general. Defense secretary nominee James Mattis and Homeland Security secretary nominee John Kelly are both retired Marine Corps generals.
This work is the third and final phase of DARPA’s Wireless Network Defense (WND) program. Vencore Labs was also an awardee on the first two phases, which were focused on technology development during Phase 1 and on applying these technologies to heterogeneous wireless networks that are relevant to the U.S. military in Phase 2. Phase 3 will focus on validating these technologies on military radios and demonstrating their effectiveness.
Vencore Labs intends to deliver a wireless defense framework that is robust in the face of attacks, has a very high accuracy rate, and imposes very little overhead on the network. It aims to manage cost by providing a solution that incorporates existing hardware and equipment. Vencore Labs’ approach is notable in that its output will be applicable to multiple network technologies and be able to protect these disparate networks using a common defensive framework.
“I’m working on a story about congressional oversight of drone strikes that can present a good opportunity for you guys,” Dilanian wrote in one email to a CIA press officer, explaining that what he intended to report would be “reassuring to the public” about CIA drone strikes. In another, after a series of back-and-forth emails about a pending story on CIA operations in Yemen, he sent a full draft of an unpublished report along with the subject line, “does this look better?” In another, he directly asks the flack: “You wouldn’t put out disinformation on this, would you?”
The Commission is a non-partisan panel comprised of 12 members from various industries, including Uber, Microsoft and U.S. Cyber Command.
The Commission’s Recommendations
The six major imperatives, as they appear in the Report, are to:
- Protect, defend, and secure today’s information infrastructure and digital networks;
- Innovate and accelerate investment for the security and growth of digital networks and the digital economy;
- Prepare consumers to thrive in a digital age;
- Build cybersecurity workforce capabilities;
- Better equip government to function effectively and securely in the digital age; and
- Ensure an open, fair, competitive, and secure global digital economy.
Both the CIA and FBI BELIEVE things to the degree that they aren’t willing to be public. Where is your source? Where is the proof? FYI, CYM in no way shape or form supports Trump.
Both the CIA and FBI believe that Fancy Bear and other Russian hackers were responsible for hacks during the election that were intended to help President-elect Donald Trump defeat Hillary Clinton, according to two senior government officials.
Russia has repeatedly denied hacking accusations, and Trump has also dismissed the assessments of the U.S. intelligence community.
Who (you might ask) is David Brearley?
Brearley plays a critical, and entirely accidental, role in climate change because of his position as the chair of the Committee on Postponed Parts within the Constitutional Convention of 1787. While drafting the U.S. Constitution, the convention left several “sticky questions” to Brearley’s Committee, such as the manner by which U.S. presidents would be elected. Brearley and the Committee were stuck between two difficult choices: election by the U.S. Congress or election by the voting public. The committee opted for a middle ground solution – an electoral college that would vote on behalf of the citizens, but which would be populated based on the number of congressional seats assigned to each State in the Union.
It is this solution, brilliant at the time, that leads us to Brearley’s legacy on climate change. Because over the course of the last 200 plus years, the electoral college, which provides for stronger voting power per personin more rural and less populated states, has elected four U.S. presidents who clearly lost the popular vote (1876, 1888, 2000 and 2016). Two of those elections have occurred during the period in which we have known about the causes and impacts of carbon dioxide emissions and climate change and in both cases, the impacts of those elections have very likely had profound impacts on our actions to address the challenge.
In 2000, George W. Bush was elected U.S. president despite losing the popular vote to Al Gore. In 2008, the Bush administration released a document on his legacy claiming sweeping protections for the environment while in office.
Yet there was little progress on climate change because the administration resisted it. Under the Bush administration, the U.S. exited the Kyoto agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions, declined to regulate carbon dioxide emissions for coal fired power plants under the U.S. Clean Air Act, and worked to limit the authority of regulatory agencies to prevent climate change impacts.
CYGNSS is the first orbital mission competitively selected by NASA’s Earth Venture program, managed by the Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) Program Office at NASA’s Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia. This program focuses on low-cost, science-driven missions to enhance our understanding of the current state of Earth and its complex, dynamic system and enable continual improvement in the prediction of future changes.
Sarcos Robotics has appointed Eric Olson, a former head of U.S. Special Operations Command, and Paul Gorman, a former chief of U.S. Southern Command, as members of the company’s advisory board.
The robotic systems provider said Wednesday Olson and Gorman will work with fellow military veterans David Dunaway and William Owens as well as former Boston Police Commissioner Edward Davis in the advisory board.
Sarcos Robotics CEO Ben Wolff said Olson and Gorman will advise the company as it works to develop robotic platforms designed to boost human performance and reduce the risk of injury and death in military and first responder missions.
Schuette said at a news conference that both Earley and Ambrose were instrumental in securing $85 million to connect the city to a new water source. But the financing contract required the city to temporarily use Flint’s mothballed water treatment plant, which Earley and Ambrose knew was not equipped to treat water straight from the Flint River, Schuette alleged.
That led to improper treatment after the April 2014 switch, which caused the water to corrode lead pipes. The city’s water is cleaner now since switching back to Detroit’s water, but residents cannot drink it without filtering first.
“The tragedy we know as the Flint water crisis did not occur by accident,” Schuette said at the news conference. “Flint was a tragedy of arrogance, disdain and a failure of management. An absence of accountability, shirking responsibility. We will proceed to deliver justice and hold those accountable who broke the law, period.”
One current and one former employee of a D.C. Whole Foods store filed a federal class-action lawsuit Tuesday against the grocery chain, alleging that the company cheated them out of bonuses.
Last week, Whole Foods said that nine managers at stores in Maryland, Virginia and the District were fired for gaming the chain’s “gainsharing” program, which awards bonuses to employees whose departments come in under budget. Whole Foods didn’t explain the nature of the manipulation or say which locations were affected, saying only that the incident was under investigation and isolated to a small number of its 457 stores.
Now, in a lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, a current and a former employee of the Whole Foods location on P Street in Northwest Washington say that the chain “engaged in a nationwide scheme to strip hard-working employees of earned bonuses in order to maximize their own profit.”
Under gainsharing, the lawsuit alleges, employees of departments that come in under budget are supposed to share in surpluses, but Whole Foods avoided paying by shifting labor costs to other departments. The chain also created “fast teams” — employees that “float from one department to another” and “shifted labor costs among departments without properly accounting for it,” the lawsuit says.
A spokeswoman for Austin-based Whole Foods said the company is investigating the allegations.
DOE tapped Bechtel and subcontractor URS, now known as AECOM (NYSE: ACM), in 2000 to complete work on the WTP project.
In this edition of James’ bi-monthly appearance on Financial Survival, James and Alfred discuss the trilateral discussions on Syria taking place between Turkey, Russia, and Iran and what they portend for the future of the middle east. We also discuss how the decentralization of publishing has broken down the dinosaur mass media institutions, leading to the disintegration of mass culture.
With less than one month away from the inauguration of president elect Donald Trump, the nuclear arms race between Russia and the US has been revived. In this video Dan Dicks of Press For Truth warns the viewer that continuing to play into the false left right paradigm will lead a new world order of total control.
As I was perusing the internet today and doing my daily reading, I found a very confusing headline on Yahoo News.
The headline read, “Earth’s temperature to dip but still sizzle in 2017.” I read it over and over again trying to figure out what the hell it meant. Then I decided that yet again this was a headline of newspeak basically pointing out that no matter how cold it is outside the temperatures are hopefully going to climb and sizzle so that the global warming cult can justify their climate apocalypse stories.
This headline tells me that it isn’t fake news that we should worry about in 2017 but junk news that leads to infobesity, which later creates a problem of disinfobesity, meaning that your intellectual health will be left fattened with lies.
Moreover, this headline tells me that in 2017, we have to make it our goal to stop this politicized nonsense of anthropogenic global warming and expose the geo-engineering that is responsible for the erratic behavior of the weather outside.
For example, if you go down the list of cold oddities you will see that the weather is far from sizzling.